In Trigger Point Therapy various methods are used to relieve and eliminate a hypersensitive area known as a trigger point—in the muscle, its tendon, or fascia. Usually the trigger point is not in the area of pain, but digital pressure over the point will elicit pain in a referred area. Trauma is a common cause of trigger points, either by direct injury or excessive stretching and contraction. Once these fibrous sensitive regions form, repeated muscular stress will activate the pain in a reference zone. It is often possible to have more than one trigger point associated with a particular condition.
To eliminate the trigger point, direct pressure is applied to sedate the point, then massage can be applied to restore circulation to the area and remove waste products. This method is especially helpful in musculoskeletal problems and with certain internal organ pain.